Wilhelmina Hay Abbott
(May 22, 1884–October 17, 1957)
Wilhelmina Hay Abbott , also known by the name "Elizabeth Abbott," was a Scottish suffragist, editor, and feminist lecturer, and wife of author George Frederick Abbott.
Wilhelmina Hay Lamond was born in Dundee, Scotland. Her father, Andrew Lamond, was a jute manufacturer. She trained in London for secretarial and accounting work, but then attended University College London in the summer of 1907, where she pursued a broader (if brief) course of ethics, modern philosophy, and economics. As a young woman she began using the first name "Elizabeth."
In 1909 Elizabeth Lamond started organizing for the Edinburgh National Society for Women's Suffrage. In that role she campaigned in the Orkney Islands. She took a position on the executive committee of the Scottish Federation of Women's Suffrage Societies the next year, along with Elsie Maud Inglis.
During World War I she toured extensively in India, Australia, and New Zealand as a lecturer, for two years, raising money for the Scottish Women's Hospitals. Of her travels, she declared, "I received unbounded hospitality." After the war, she served as an officer of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance, and edited its newsletter, Jus Suffragii.
Concerned primarily about economic opportunities for women, she joined Chrystal MacMillan, Lady Rhondda , Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence and others in founding the Open Door Council (later Open Door International) in 1926. Abbott chaired the Open Door Council in 1929. She also chaired the Association for Moral and Social Hygiene for ten years, and was active with the organization for much longer.
In her later years, she continued work on women's economic security, as co-author of The Woman Citizen and Social Security (1943), which responded to gender inequalities in the Beveridge Report.
She married travel writer and war correspondent George Frederick Abbott in 1911. They had one son, Jasper A. R. Abbott, born that same year. Wilhelmina "Elizabeth" Hay Abbott died in 1957, age 73.
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